Last week’s post was about mononoke (もののけ / 物の怪), so this week I need to start with け (ke). I decided to write about…
Kendo (けんどう / 剣道)
Kendo is a Japanese martial art. If you can read the kanji, it is easy to understand what kind of martial art kendo is. The first character, 剣, means “sword”, and the second character, 道, means “way of”. So, kendo is “the way of the sword”. Interestingly, the second kanji (道) crops up in a lot of traditional Japanese activities, such as chado (茶道 / Japanese tea ceremony) and shodo (書道 / Japanese calligraphy). The word “kendo” is a relatively recent term, and implies spiritual discipline as well as fencing technique. Prior to the Showa period (1926-1989) kendo was usually called “kenjutsu” or “gekken”. The Dai Nippon Butoku Kai changed the name to “kendo” in 1920.
Although kendo is “the way of the sword”, a traditional metal sword is not used. The weapon in kendo is called a shinai (竹刀) and it is a kind of bamboo sword which looks like a wooden pole.
I can’t claim to be any kind of martial arts expert, but I have an appreciation for the skill and commitment involved in learning a martial art. I don’t think I would be strong enough to become good at kendo, but it’s something I would be interested in having a go at.
In kendo, there are various levels which you can advance through, using the kyū (級) and dan (段) grading system. The dan levels are from first-dan (初段 sho-dan) to tenth-dan (十段 jū-dan) (although eighth-dan, ninth-dan and tenth-dan are no longer awarded). There are usually six grades below first-dan, known as kyu. The kyu numbering is in reverse order, with first kyu (一級 ikkyū) being the grade immediately below first dan, and sixth kyu (六級 rokkyū) being the lowest grade. There are no visible differences in dress between kendo grades; those below dan-level may dress the same as those above dan-level. The eighth-dan kendo exam is extremely difficult, with a reported pass rate of less than 1%. (Information source: Wikipedia)
Of course, a lot of equipment is needed for kendo (although no shoes are required, as it is practiced bare foot). I found this excellent graphic on Wikipedia which labels everything in Japanese.
I once knew an Australian guy in Japan who practiced kendo, and he told me that he never washed his kendo clothes. Apparently they really stunk from all the sweat. He implied that no one washed their kit because of some rule, but I don’t know if that was really the case.
Someone who practices kendo is called a kendoka (剣道家). There are hundreds of thousands of kendoka throughout Japan, and of course kendo is practiced internationally, too. It is estimated that there are around 6 million practitioners of kendo world-wide. You can find out more about kendo in the UK at the British Kendo Association.
Here’s a short clip of some kendo I saw in Brighton last year, by the Mid-Sussex School of Martial Arts:
You can almost feel the samurai spirit, can’t you? Kendo actually developed from early swordmanship techniques during the first Samurai government in the Kamakura period (1185-1333), although back then it was known as kenjutsu, as I said above.
Have you ever practiced any martial arts? How about kendo? Do leave a comment below if you have. If you’re interested in learning more about kendo, there’s a fantastic beginners’ guide available to download here.
Kendo (けんどう) ends with う (u), so next week I will be looking for a noun beginning with “u” (yes, that’s う, not ど – be careful!). If you have any suggestions, please leave them below! And, don’t forget, no words ending in ん! (^_^)v